The Planning of Emergency Seed Supply for Afghanistan in 2002 and Beyond
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Contents Findings Part I Part II Part III References Abbreviations/Glossary Appendix 1 2 3 4 5 Maps
Part III : Linking emergency seed aid to building capacity for a local and national seed industry « previous page | next page »
3.1 - The FAO-led Approach
3.2 - Rescue and Conservation of Plant Genetic Resources in Afghanistan
3.3 - Linking emergency response to sustainable development

3.1 - The FAO-led Approach

Starting with the launch of its Seed Program in 1988, FAO has worked consistently and with good results to enhance national capacity to provide quality seed to Afghani farmers. Under the able leadership of Mr. N.S. Tunwar, FAO-Afghanistan has adopted a polycentric approach to seed provision that has included investment in government-owned seed production farms, testing of CGIAR and other exotic crop cultivars, food-for-seed exchanges (with WFP), contact seed production with private farmers, the sale of seed and fertilizer to farmers, and collaboration with NGOs.

We think that this creative and dynamic approach should continue. Some broadening to include replication of popular local variety seed would be desirable. As FAO is now likely to also focus its program on capacity building for the Ministry of Agriculture of the Interim Government, it is not too early to plan systematic support to the entire seed chain within the formal seed sector as depicted in Figure 3.1 below.

The organization for a formal seed sector depicted in Figure 3.1 could involve a mix of private sector, NGO, and government entities. We leave this to others to design, but would simply suggest that a decentralized network of seed production sites with both private sector and government involvement is more likely to be "diversity friendly" than the more centralized state-owned approach that has been the case in, for example, Syria. World Bank consultant David Gisselquist (1997) suggests that a network of private sector Small Seed Enterprises (SSEs) is more likely to become involved in the production an sale of low margin but locally-appropriate self-pollinated crops that larger seed enterprises may not be interested in producing.

Fig. 3.1

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